PEACE Yes! War No!

Perang membawa sengsara, tidak ada untungnya. Perang hanya menguntungkan produsen senjata. Dan bagi yang berperang pasti rugi. Perang membawa kita kembali ke belakang, keputusan perang menunjukkan kekerdilan penggunaan karunia “Otak” […]

Perang membawa sengsara, tidak ada untungnya. Perang hanya menguntungkan produsen senjata. Dan bagi yang berperang pasti rugi.

Perang membawa kita kembali ke belakang, keputusan perang menunjukkan kekerdilan penggunaan karunia “Otak” dalam menyelesaikan masalah.

Malaysia dan Indonesia sedang terbentur masalah yang sama, berdua akan menjadi bahan ketawaan atas kekerdilan penggunaan karunia “Otak”  jika memilih berperang.

Memori Kolektif Indonesia-Malaysia:

1. Mayoritas penduduk Muslim sebagai pembawa bendera “Rahmatan Lil Alamin”

2. Mayoritas Rumpun Melayu sebagai Bangsa yang sopan dan terbuka

Menurut Tenas Effendy (2004), nilai-nilai asas kemelayuan terangkum dlm “Pakaian Dua puluh lima” atau “Sifat dua puluh lima”. Nilai-nilai ini meresap dan berakar umbi menjadi sifat masyarakat Melayu. Ini menyebabkan anak Melayu ”menjadi orang” yang sempurna lahiriah dan batiniah. Nilai-nilai tersebut adalah seperti berikut:

  1. Sifat tahu asal mula jadi, tahu berpegang pada Yang Satu.
  2. Sifat tahu membalas budi.
  3. Sifat hidup bertenggangan, mati berpegangan.
  4. Sifat tahukan bodoh diri
  5. Sifat tahu diri
  6. Sifat hidup memegang amanah
  7. Sifat benang orang
  8. Sifat tahan menentang matahari
  9. Sifat tahu menyimak, pandai menyimpai
  10. Sifat menang dalam kalah
  11. Sifat tahan berkering, mau berbasah
  12. Sifat tahu unjuk dengan beri, tahu hidup bertenggangan
  13. Sifat timbang dengan sukat
  14. Sifat tahukan malu
  15. Sifat berpada-pada
  16. Sifat ingat dengan minat
  17. Sifat hemat dan cermat
  18. Sifat tahu harta berpunya, tahu pinjam memulangkan
  19. Sifat tahu hidup meninggalkan, tahu mati mewariskan
  20. Sifat lasak mengekas, tekun mengais.
  21. Sifat menggulat air setimba
  22. Sifat merendah menjunjung tuah
  23. Sifat lapang terbuka tangan
  24. Sifat berbaik sangka
  25. Sifat yang Pucuk

Nilai-nilai murni ini dikuatkan dengan adanya nilai-nilai yang dipantang oleh orang Melayu. Nilai pantang ini dikenali dengan ”Pantangan anak Melayu”.

Nilai ini juga berjumlah dua puluh lima sebagaimana nilai ”Sifat dua puluh lima”. Kerana itu, nilai ini juga dikenali dengan ”Pantangan yang dua puluh lima.”Pantangan tersebut adalah seperti berikut:

membelakangi syarak

  1. Durhaka keada orang tua
  2. Membuang adat tembaga
  3. Bermanja-manja
  4. Mengada-ada
  5. Berlengah-lengah
  6. Besar kepala
  7. Buta keta atau mata kayu
  8. Bercawat ekor
  9. Makan menghabiskan
  10. Bercabang lidah
  11. Jilat  menjilat
  12. Meminta-minta
  13. Menjilat ludah
  14. Membuang peuah
  15. Bermegah-megah
  16. Membabi buta
  17. Lupakan hutang
  18. Berburuk sangka
  19. Muka tebal atau tebal muka
  20. Mencampakkan beban di bahu
  21. Mengoyak baju di badan
  22. Menggunting dalam lipatan
  23. Menjala angin
  24. Kerja tak menyudah

Nilai-nilai kemelayuan yang dibentang di atas menggambarkan jatidiri Melayu yang murni dan mantap. Jatidiri ini menjadi masyarakat Melayu mampu menghadapi sebarang cabaran dan kemungkinan.

Nilai-nilai ini yang sekarang mendapat cobaan bersama.

3. Melayu Malaysia-dan Melayu Indonesia dalam visi yang sama, pernah saling mendukung dalam perjuangan politik, mencintai seni dan budaya yang sama (meskipun saling klem) sebenarnya dalam fitrah yang sama manusia beradab.

Tinggal fakta di bawah ini saling mengingatkan, tidak saling mencaci dan marah: Para pemuka pemerintah kedua negara cukup untuk menyelesaikan ini, ini tanggung jawab mereka. Sebelum mengorbankan rakyat dan bumiputra berperang. Damai itu indah.

Sangat disayangkan kalau para sesepuh Partai Besar (Umno) dan para sesepuh partai besar di Indonesia (Golkar, PDIP, PKS, Demokrat dll) sebagai wakil rakyat tidak tergerak mencegah ini. Atau diam dan terjadi perang, ini benar-benar tidak menggunakan karunia “Otak” mencari jalan damai. Damaikan rakyat dan bumiputra untuk tetap membangun bukan merusak.

How the Malaysian Bumiputra Came into Power – Indonesia’s Contribution (A Seldom-Known Historical Fact)

 By: Bambang Utomo (House of Ideas – INDONESIA) 

THERE was an important event in the history of Malaysia-Indonesia bilateral relationship which is seldom known by the people of both neibouring countries of today. If only they (especially the Malaysian indigenous or Bumiputra) knew it all along, it might have rebuilt the harmony of the relationship between the two countries a great deal.

For as mostly be known, there were disputes between Malaysia and Indonesia. One of them concerning the Ambalat’s bordering sea-territory not so long ago. This event has increased a tension in the bilateral relationship, both military and socially as well. What is more, if we remembered that Malaysia has won a similar dispute happened in the late 2002 regarding the ownership of two islands, Sipadan and Ligitan, by the International Court of Justice’s decree.

Other Malaysian ‘Unfriendly’ Attitudes towards Indonesia

Besides the Ambalat’s dispute that almost caused “Navy-War” between the two “Saudara Serumpun” countries, unfortunately there were other conflict-prone incidents happened in this regards – time and again. There are listed as follows:

Malaysia is said to be most responsible behind the Illegal Logging–and at times also that of Fishing–in Indonesia.

Malaysia tried several times to sift the Territory Borderlines between the two countries (especially in the North Kalimantan) much to her advantage.

Malaysia has stolen (at least tried to), through patents’ claims as well as using-without-permission, some of Indonesian Cultural Heritages such as: Batik (Parang of Jogjakarta), Bamboo Music Instrument (Angklung of West Java), Song (Rasa Sayang-Sayange of Maluku), and recently a Traditional Dance (Pendet of Bali) after that of the East Java’s Reog Ponorogo.

Malaysia does not care enough, what is more legally defended, of Indonesian migrant household workers who have been tortured (and some of them even murdered!) by their Malaysian employers.

  1. Other humiliated attitude towards Indonesian generally. The most recent case in point was a dispute occurred when Malaysian Marine Police detained three Indonesian Maritime Affairs & Fisheries Ministry inspectors (wearing their official uniform and badges!) in our own sea territory after the latter arrested seven Malaysian fishermen for trespassing and illegally fishing in Indonesian waters. What made things worse was the “forced-barter” settlement of the dispute between both detained parties then – despite the facts that there were 10 protest notes Indonesia had sent to Malaysia for various more-or-less similar violations during 2010 alone! As we know, the above ‘harassment’ case has triggered many protests among Indonesian asking a formal apology from the Malaysian government that threatened bilateral diplomatic relationship between the two countries.

So, perhaps, these historical facts I am about to disclose, would reduce the tensions somewhat, give back the just perspective in balance, especially among the Bumiputra generation of today Malaysian. The title I chose for this article, just to emphasize the magnitude of the event for both people of the same origin of the two countries. Please ponder it deeply after you read it….

The 1966 General Election in Malaysia

Sometimes during 1966, when Malaysia was facing a multi-racial general election back then, the Bumiputra of Malaysia, puak Melayu to be precise, were concerned about their chance to win the election. Why? Because of the fact that the number and power of each race-and-ethnic citizens (mostly Melayu, Chinese and those of India origins) involved were more or less the same. So in order to win the election, certain Malaysian leaders at that time, among others: the late Tun Abdul Razak and Tun Gazali Syafei, were secretly asking for help from the Indonesian government. The idea was to send migrant workers (mostly of Melayu’s origin) to add the Bumiputra’s composition among Malaysian voters then.

The operation was eventually designed and executed secretly. Among the Indonesian leaders who assisted the operation were: the late Mr. Adam Malik – Foreign Minister, Benny Moerdhani – an Army’s General, Ali Moertopo – Head of the Secret Service), and Des Alwi (a private businessman whom still alive now). As the result, hundred (about 600) thousands of Malay origins Indonesian were sent to Malaysia – not as mere migrant workers (legal and illegal) as they are nowadays, but primarily as ‘old brothers’ who came to assist the Bumiputra of Malaysia to win the election. They were then accepted as Malaysia’s new ‘citizens’, being given special papers to be able to participate in the election. Hence, as we already knew, the general election was then won by the UMNO (United Malay National Organization), the Bumiputra’s political party, who ruled Malaysia ever since.

 “Milk Given but Paid by Poison….”

But what happened now? After having ruled the government for so long, these historical facts were forgotten (if ever knew) by the later generation of Malaysian Bumiputras, while the Malaysian leaders who firstly initiated the secret operation could no longer be the witnesses because mostly have been passed away (including Tun Abdul Razak – the beloved father of today’s Malaysian Prime Minister: His Excellency Najib Tun Razak). Moreover, the formal papers that represented ‘citizenship’ that were being given to those early Indonesian migrants are now about to be cancelled and considered as illegal. What an injustice! A case of “Milk given, but paid by Poison” – to borrow an old Malay’s proverb.

The fact that there are more than 2 millions low-paying Indonesian migrant workers—both legal and illegal–earned their living in Malaysia today, should not be the reason to disrespect us. Perhaps many Malaysian should also be reminded about another type of “milk” or even “honey” Indonesia has contributed significantly in the form of migrant workers in the past. What I mean were science teachers, hundreds of them, mostly exact sciences (Math, Physic and the like), who have been invited and assisted the Malaysian young generation – during the late 1960 into 1980’s. Now the pupils concerned have become adults, even many important figures in Malaysia, both at private and public sectors!

So in order to overcome recent disputes between Malaysia and Indonesia, I think it is about time to open up the case widely. And upon knowing it, the government of Malaysia as well as the ruling political party (Barisan Nasional) ought to (if not should) reconsider their foreign policy towards Indonesia as their ‘old brothers” indeed.

Yes, I believe there are possibilities to shift a Lose-Lose relationship such as the above mentioned disputes (followed by ‘show-of-annoyed’ demonstrations that could cause a possible “War”) into Win-Win possible strategic cooperation. Both countries have so much in common, compatible natural and human resources as well as competitive advantages to prosper together in the near future. @

<Source: MetroTV, “Secret Operation”, Wednesday, 5th March 2009, 10.00 PM>

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