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Web and Openness

Web and Openness

Wave in Opera

Apparently as the time of writing, Google Wave can’t be run on latest stable Opera. Yes, I tried to use it in my own peril and it rendered Opera useless.

Doesn’t this means that web is not an open thing? Why W3C bothers to do standardization? Everyone has their own proprietary implementations. That’s may be a palatable offering in the past, yet it just hurting the whole community.  Why not trying to do standard things standard?

I know that there is an effort to make web standardized. But, since the era of Internet Explorer 4 vs Netscape Communicator 4 (ie4|ns4), we have yet to see the light. I see specific CSS value for specific browser, even it was an open browser. All that I can see about standardization evangelists are zealots that often represent their site in a poor state. They usually provide their site with simplicity. This to me, sadly, imply that standard web is a plain ugly site.

Don’t we have standards that up to its name?

Take a look at VRML, where it goes now? Where MathML would go now? How about SVG?

Hmm… how can we go semantics while the representation is bounded to specific browser?

Can we really take the web back or we just put it on another dictator?

Why We Must Study HCI

Why We Must Study HCI

An interesting post on by [OKTO] rattled my boredom. Out of it, born this rant post which is not to bash anyone but to share a study. May the openness of this knowledge would lead us to a better understanding of why now every major FOSS has their own Usability Guidelines. May from this entry we would understand that FOSS is not about software but also leveraging ideas and share it to the entire humanity; that through FOSS runs also knowledge of other fields.

Let’s we starts with these three pictures:

SlashdotAnandTechZDNet

Those are three international portals and these are the three of our lovely Indonesian portals:

KompasAstaga!Detik 

Whoops, looks like a portal broke my Chromium browser. Hmm, switching into Opera browser and disable Flash functionality:

Disable flash 

There goes all of your ads.

Disabled flash

REFERENCE:

[OKTO]  Silaban, Okto. Astaga.com Reborn..! http://okto.silaban.net/2009/10/linux/astaga-com-reborn/

[BBC]  http://bbc.co.uk/

[ANA]  http://anandtech.com/

[ARS] http://arstechnica.com/

[AST] http://astaga.com/

[KMP] http://kompas.com/

[DTK] http://detik.com/

SEE ALSO:

My old blog. Another rant. http://jpmrblood.blogspot.com/2009/01/seriously-guys.html

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Sedemikian Tak Bermoral

Sedemikian Tak Bermoral

Saya sungguh berdukacita dan berbela sungkawa terhadap pemboman kemarin. Apalagi lokasi pemboman adalah lokasi yang mudah dijangkau.

Entah siapa yang melakukannya, apa motifnya, dan untuk apa mereka melakukannya bukanlah yang menjadi pembicaraan saya kali ini. Mereka hanya sekian dari orang yang telah jatuh ke dalam dosa besar dengan membunuh orang-orang tak berdaya — bukan hanya individu-individu yang tewas di sana, melainkan juga orang-orang yang bergantung kepada orang-orang yang wafat itu,  dan sebuah bangsa yang tengah berusaha bangkit dari keterpurukannya.

Ledakan itu dapat menyebabkan banyak orang yang akan kehilangan pekerjaannya dan banyak orang yang seharusnya dapat bekerja menjadi tertunda bekerja.

Tapi, yang hendak saya bicarakan kali ini adalah media di Indonesia. Semakin sedih saya melihat kelakuan mereka. Demi peringkat, mereka melupakan yang namanya etika. Sungguh memalukan! Buat pembaca blog ini yang dari media, ya, Anda! Saya SANGAT MALU terhadap kalian!

Mengapa ledakan itu dipertontonkan berulang-ulang pada jam tayang ketika ANAK-ANAK masih menonton? Mengapa adegan itu harus diulang-ulang? Apa kalian senang mempertontonkan kemalangan bangsa ini?

Hal yang bikin saya menangis di dalam hati, karena saya tahu bagaimana rasanya, adalah ketika reporter-reporter itu membuka kantong mayat (dan saya yakin itu pasti tanpa seizin keluarga korban) dan mempertontonkan mayat orang-orang malang tersebut. Bagaimana kalian sedemikian tak beretikanya mempertontonkan sebuah kemalangan dan tanpa sensor mempertontonkannya di televisi? Apakah kalian tidak memperhitungkan perasaan keluarga terdekat mereka?

Saya termasuk orang yang suka dengan kebebasan berpendapat dan kebebasan jurnalistik. Tapi, saya makin berpikir, apakah ini kebebasan jurnalistik? Apakah ini yang diperjuangkan oleh gerakan reformasi ’98?

Kalau mau berbicara blak-blakan, silahkan contoh Tempo yang secara membanggakan tanpa malu-malu membuat judul “Ramai-ramai Menggembosi KPK”, yang secara membanggakan dan menaikkan nilai nasionalisme setidaknya saya dengan membuat laporan akhir tahun dengan 10 Pemimpin Daerah yang berhasil. Mereka berani dekat dengan pemberangusan tapi mau melakukannya.

Kalau bebas yang seperti itu, kalau muka tembok yang seperti itu, kalau vulgar yang seperti itu, saya pun bersedia membela kebebasan jurnalistik.

Bahasa Membanggakan

Bahasa Membanggakan

Saya kurang mengerti mengapa Bahasa Indonesia masih diajarkan di pendidikan formal. Saya belum pernah menemukan ada orang/institusi selain lembaga perbahasaan yang menggunakan Bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa pengantar. Bahkan, bahasa ini tampaknya sebuah bahasa kelas tiga yang membuat orang terlihat bodoh. Tampaknya bahasa ini hanya sekedar perusak nilai rapor saja.

Pebisnis, pejabat, selebritas, dan sebagainya lebih menyukai istilah dalam bahasa Inggris dari pada Bahasa Indonesia. Walau pun kadang terdengar memaksa dan dipaksakan, menggunakan kata-kata dalam bahasa Inggris terkesan lebih terlihat intelektual dibandingkan dengan menggunakan Bahasa Indonesia. Apalagi ketika bercakap-cakap dengan kolega dengan menggunakan campuran bahasa Inggris dan Bahasa Indonesia terkesan lebih masuk.

Banyak orang berpendapat bahwa Bahasa Indonesia terlalu dangkal untuk menggambarkan sebuah perasaan. Coba perhatikan tembang lawas milik GodBless yang apabila saat ini diperdengarkan terasa menggelikan. Bahasa ini terlalu kaku untuk diberlakukan sebagai bahasa percakapan. Bahasa ini lebih cenderung sebagai bahasa resmi saja.

Bilamana seseorang hendak membuat les Bahasa Indonesia, bisa jadi dia kesulitan untuk menemukan orang-orang pembicara alami. Bandingkan dengan bahasa Inggris, mudah sekali menemukan native speaker yang mengerti struktur bahasa Inggris. Lagipula, Bahasa Inggris lebih menjual dibandingkan dengan Bahasa Indonesia.Sebagai perbandingan, untuk dapat sekolah di luar negeri ada standar TOEFL yang harus dipenuhi. Kontras dengan itu, masih banyak lulusan sarjana yang belum bisa membedakan kata “di” sebagai kata penghubung dan “di” sebagai prefiks. Media pun terbaca lebih menarik dan luwes jika menggunakan slang dari pada Bahasa Indonesia murni.

Ada banyak literatur mengenai bahasa Inggris, dari buku-buku yang dijual di Gramedia hingga buku yang dijual oleh pedagang di atas kereta. Ada banyak institusi yang secara khusus mempelajari dan mendokumentasikannya, contohnya Merriam-Webster dan Oxford. Bandingkan dengan Bahasa Indonesia yang hanya ada KBBI dan itu pun tidak selalu tertatar. Kamus yang keluar pun dapat dihitung dengan jari dan hanya satu tokoh saja yang terkenal, Gorys Keraf.

Jika sarjana saja bisa tidak mengerti Bahasa Indonesia yang diajarkan kepada anak SD dan sulitnya menemukan referensi Bahasa Indonesia, maka bukankah Bahasa Indonesia tidak lebih sebuah formalitas bahasa seperti bahasa Klingon, nice to have? Lalu buat apa Bahasa Indonesia diajarkan? Coba saja lihat, banyak siswa yang lebih tinggi nilai bahasa Inggrisnya dibandingkan Bahasa Indonesia. Bahkan, Bahasa Indonesia juga sering kali menjadi momok di ujian nasional.

Apakah sebutan Bahasa Indonesia untuk sebuah bahasa tak begitu terpakai tak lebih sebagai sebuah formalitas untuk menjaga relevansi Sumpah Pemuda? Masih relevankah Sumpah Pemuda?

Pantes Gak Beres

Pantes Gak Beres

Gejala: Jika ada salah satu tim kita yang tidak konsentrasi, diam kaku seperti mayat, senyum-senyum, dan ditanya tak menyahut.

Analisis: perhatikan sekeliling dan lihat apakah ada gebetannya sedang ikut menyaksikan.

Kesimpulan: Lain kali minta dengan sangat kepada gebetannya supaya di paling belakang.

PS: This is a redeeming post to postulate that this blog also have humanitarian taste.

What Are They Teaching

What Are They Teaching

Once, there was an amen to the premise that goes saying “each educated person should read newspaper”. You know, it’s been at least 3 years that I have not following any news on the media. One may say that’s because I have the Internet and I can read those online. But, no, I’m not reading any Indonesian online newspaper also. Once in a while maybe, but not that frequent.

I believe, I have the interest of reading newspaper because I was born in a good reading habit family. When I was a small boy, we subscribed to Bobo magazine. My father was also subscribed on Kompas. I was amazed (at that time) by my Bahasa Indonesia teachers that always praising that Kompas is consistently playing a major role for writing good article in a good Bahasa Indonesia. My father also buying Kontan each week in the early days of that newspaper. I still remember how good it was telling us readers about some news from the view of economics.

So, why am I stop reading news?

If you start to reading newspaper article nowadays, there is a common flaw that makes me sick of reading it. Nowadays, almost all of the article made with screwing some facts with opinions. Opinion building is one thing, but the news should never put opinion on a fact story. At least, let’s put some clear distinctive terms between writers opinion and the story. Forcing people to make a subjective opinion is not a clear way of good journalism and it’s far from elegant. It even doesn’t educate people by making them think of the interpretation themselves.

For instance, if it is a story of Israel versus Hammas, we will see that Israel always becomes the bad guy. If Hammas rocketing the Israelis, we will find good excuses for it. But, if the Israelis strikes, we will have the condemn all over the writings. This would be fine if those are what inscribed in novel or some fairy tails. But, if that’s what been wrote on the news, that’s totally nonsense. What happens with the objectivity of journalism?

What is objectivity? Take a look at scientific writings. If a researcher writing about Dengue, the person/team would write about what happens with the patient. The researcher would write about the effects: the virus attacks and the physical sign of the body that received the attack. If the researcher take a look at the virus, the person/team would describe about the virus. But, they will never put any of their feeling towards the patient nor the virus. They will never write the patient as “poor man” nor “unlucky person”. In fact, they would write “subject” with no expression in it.

That’s what we call objectivity. Trying to be distinctive and see the problem as a whole from 3rd party view. Not trying to be a ruthless, but to be able to put the emotion aside is what is needed to have a quality research. Once emotion is on the way, there would be matters that would get set aside. This would hurt the end result and makes the research unqualified to explain the matter clearly.

To bring hates toward Israelis, would it explain how the whole thing happens? Would it can describe the root of the problem? Can it bring into the right conclusion? Will it bring peace? Or are we in love with hatred and destruction so much?

The second sin of Indonesian journalism nowadays is the sense of ethics.

A wife of a famous person once said about the difference between Indonesian journalist and foreign journalist. She said that the Indonesian journalist would started questioning blatantly, while the foreign journalist would use the sentence with plea, e.g. “would you…”, “could you…”, or “if I may…”.

More about ethics, the Indonesian press would not ashamed of taking dead people photos. They would expose the feeling the victim’s family for the sake of popularity. They would bring reality show into reality. Without censorship and good explanation, they even would put any picture of the poor.

There is a big difference between freedom of speech and monetize controversy. Have our nation become an uncivilized nation?

The third sin of Indonesian journalism is making Bahasa Indonesia as a third class citizen language.

For instance, people would call China as “China” pronounced in English instead of saying “Cina” pronounced in Bahasa Indonesia. According to some people, the word “Cina” would be like saying “nigger” to African American people. Then, why not using the word “Tiong Hoa” or “Tiongkok” pronounced in Bahasa Indonesia?

Are they suggesting that Bahasa Indonesia is an insulting language? Are they suggesting that Bahasa Indonesia is lower than English?

When Pertamina had their oil reservation engulfed in flame, the police officer use the term “human error” to describe the reason. Why are the media not transforming the term into “kesalahan manusia”? Why using “error” than “galat”?

I know that terms in Indonesia is alien, but that’s because none of us nor the media embrace it. Well, at least we, admins of Universitas Indonesia, tries to do so. We love to use the term “ratron” instead of “email”, “unduh” instead of “download”, and “daring” instead of “online”.

But, the bigger question is why the media would use English terms or informal terms that derived from English term instead of the existing Bahasa Indonesia counterparts?

Is “Sumpah Pemuda” still relevant nowadays?

Whoa, this blog post feels weird, paradox. 😳

I should say that, no, I don’t hate our media that much. I still believe and subscribed in Tempo magazine. I just feel totally uncomfortable with the way our media speaks nowadays. I feel anxiety towards the declination of our news quality. I feel troublesome of what happens today. So irritated that I would say “Oh my God! What are they teaching to our journalists nowadays?”

Anyway, this post is a rant. Feel free to comment. (Summoning the proofreader) 🙂