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Children’s media use in Indonesia

Posted by hendriyani on 9th September and posted in Uncategorized



Children’s media use in Indonesia


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DOI: 10.1080/01292986.2012.662514

Hendriyania*, Ed Hollanderb, Leen d’Haenensc & Johannes W.J. Beentjesb
pages 304-319

Version of record first published: 10 May 2012


This article explores how Indonesian children have integrated media into their daily lives: media ownership at home, media uses, and gratifications sought, are discussed, as is the way in which gender and social-status influence the children–media relationship. Survey data of Jakarta-based children aged 9–15 (N=589) reveal that Indonesian children live in a media saturated environment, with high availability of media platforms in their homes and bedrooms. Similar to children in the US and Europe, children in Jakarta spend considerable amounts of time on a wealth of media platforms and experience multiple gratifications from using multiple media. Gender differences persist in that boys tend to be more into gaming, while girls focus more on communication aspects. High social-status children tend to have more media at their disposal in their bedroom, especially electronic games, computers, and Internet connections. Television is still prominent in the media menu of today, but mobile phones are ready to take its place in the near future.

defining media literacy in Indonesia, a conference paper

Posted by hendriyani on 27th September and posted in Conferences

On July 2011 I had the opportunity to present my paper at the IAMCR conference in Istanbul. Such an interesting city, combination of modern and ‘ancient’ things: the mosques, markets (bazaar), foods, etc. I had to watch out for my wallet though, it was very difficult to resist buying plenty of beautiful stuff there.

Anyway, I present a paper on media literacy in Indonesia. It described the finding of series of FGD in Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, Yogyakarta, and Surabaya. the FGD was supported by Paramadina University (Jakarta), Universitas Islam Bandung, Universitas Diponegoro (Semarang), Padepokan Musa As’arie (Yogyakarta), Universitas Kristen Petra (Surabaya), and Yayasan Pengembangan Media Anak (Jakarta). The partisipants were media literacy activist from each city.

I apologize for generalizing findings from those cities as “Indonesia”. Unfortunately, from our mapping of media literacy activities in Indonesia, we found that most of the activities were in Java. I am sure this condition will change in the future as the media literacy movement spreads to other areas in Indonesia, such as Medan, Makasar, and Kupang.

I want to convey my gratitude for the support of all parties in this research. I have to tell the readers that this research was not a ‘funded project’, this was a volunteered based research where our partners provided a meeting room and snack/lunch and all the participants came voluntarily.

Here is the abstract of our paper:

Defining Media Literacy in Indonesia 

While children now live in media saturated environment, activities to promote media literacy in Indonesia have just only started in this decade. This paper describes the conceptualization of media literacy that is used by media literacy activists in Indonesian context, which has influenced the variation of media literacy activities in many areas. In addition, this paper draws a map of media literacy institutions, area of works, purpose of each activity, and beneficiaries of the programs. Using focus group discussion, data was gathered from media literacy activists in Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, and Yogyakarta – four biggest cities in Indonesia with high media penetration. The result showed that each institution in each area has developed media literacy activities according to local context, and there is an agreement that media literacy can be defined as ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and produce media. Most of media literacy actors is from academic or NGO background who emphasized more on children and young people as their beneficiaries. Promoting media literacy is still seen as an effort to protect, not to engaged, the audiences.

For the full paper you can go to this link:

Hendriyani_Defining media literacy in Indonesia_IAMCR 2011

You can go to this link for another paper in IAMCR 2011:
link to IAMCR 2011 abstracts

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